Back in the times when car makers build and design cars for basic transport, Jaguar in the early years and shortly after World War II produced a series of eye-catching sports cars. This was the core of Jaguar founder Bill Lyons success post World War II with the ?win-cam straight six engine. Better known as the double Knocker it has become the benchmark for prewar racing due to the fact that it was conceived during prewar. It was quite obvious that Mr. Lyons intended to produce world-class sporting saloons that are not only comfortable rides but high in performance and with great style.
Jaguar’s line up of cars are classified into five types namely large executive, compact executive, concept models, racing and competition and the well known sports cars. Most of these are elegantly styled luxury saloons. Bill Lyons and main engine designer William Heynes were determined to develop and design a specific type of engine, the Twin OHC (overhead camshaft) unit. This engine was the heart of most its saloon cars and its various versions of this engine have become a mainstay in the Jaguar power plant.
This type of engine was used in Mark I and II saloons, Mk VII saloon, XK 120, and XK 140 and 150. It was also applied in the legendary E Type. It was later known as Twin OHC XK engine, which later was used as well in the Jaguar XJ6 saloon. Although initially considered an engine that may need constant tinkering, if just properly maintained, the XK engine can withstand 200,000 miles of useful running miles. On the other hand, the post war model Mark V launched as early as 1948 had independent front suspension and hydraulic brakes.
Power and Style Combined
Several models that were launched over the years are considered a breakthrough for the company in terms of engineering and style to which the company’s achievement post-war are considered remarkable. In the upscale car category, they have few rivals who can parallel their achievements. Starting of when they launched the XK120 sports car in 1948 with its Twin OHC running on a 3.5 liter, six-cylinder engine. The Jaguar company further secured their financial stability and the reputation for excellence when they launched the compact Mark I and II, Mark VII,VIII and IX and the XJ6 and XJ12, elegantly styled luxury saloons. The most significant saloon is the XJ model launched in 1968, which has undergone several modifications, particularly an industry-first aluminum monocoque chassis.
3rd generation and 4th generation XJ’s were launched in 2003 and 2009 respectively. Although the cars exterior and interiors were traditional in appearance, both were completely re-engineered. It has a 5-liter V8 engine that can accelerate from 0-60mph in 4.7 seconds. The Jaguar company has never joined the bandwagon of huge family vans or SUV’s which became a trend over the years. Jaguar designer Ian Callum even confirmed that there would be no Jaguar SUV, instead maybe a crossover. Current models such as the Jaguar F Type is a 2-seater convertible and the Jaguar XF, a mid-sized executive car.
Jaguar company continues to elevate its standards in car manufacturing by announcing the development of its research facility in UK that will produce the next generation of vehicle technologies.